“Environmentally Friendly” Plastics Don’t Solve Plastic Problems

Photo: nationalgeographic.grid.id

Over 100 million tons of plastic waste have polluted soil, rivers, and oceans for centuries. Pollution gets worse with solutions that don’t solve the problem. The solutions to replace these plastics are as follows:

  1. Biobased Plastics: These plastics are made from biomass (corn, potato starch, wood pulp, or sugar cane). However, it does not mean that it is environmentally friendly because the processing system makes the biomass structure no longer natural. In addition, if the content of biomass is at least 20%, it can be claimed as Biobased Plastic.
  2. Biodegradable Plastics: These plastics are designed to decompose into CO2, water, and biomass by microorganisms. However, many of biodegradable plastics only decompose under particular environmental conditions, such as the temperature should be >50°C). It takes more than three years to decompose, far slower than plastic waste generation.
  3. Oxo(bio)degradable Plastics: These plastics contain conventional petroleum derivatives containing additives (pro-oxidants) so that they disintegrate, which has been misinterpreted as biodegrade, into microplastics.
  4. Industrially Compostable Plastics: These plastics are designed to decompose in a specific environment (moisture content, temperature, oxygen content, and acidity are strictly controlled). This plastic is manufactured according to the European standard EN 13432, which does not represent actual disposal situations such as landfills and oceans.
  5. Home Compostable Plastic: This plastic is biodegradable in household composting systems such as in gardens, but some of them only decompose at laboratory conditions, such as regular stirring, additional water, controlled temperature, and relative humidity.

Therefore, we should start our sustainable lifestyle by using reusable packaging, or a truly compostable packaging if you need single use packaging. And biopac is the solution for your single use packaging because it is truly compostable.

Source : www.qqf.fr